AYI.info - The International Ashtanga Yoga Information Page

Not only about Ashtanga Yoga: traditional practice and innovative alignment, vivid philosophy and age-old tradition, word-by-word translations of mantra, Yoga-Sutra and more, Sanskrit pronunciation and writing - THE info page with international teacher directory.

"Ashtanga Yoga is 99% transpiration - and 1% explanation"

Sri K. Pattabhi Jois

All you need for your 99% practice of Ashtanga Yoga - and certainly also the 1% theory: Dive into the details of the traditional series of Asana, as taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. But you will also find forms for a therapeutic approach to them. Join us for online yoga classes, learn about innovative alignment and philosophy. Our yogi finder will help you finding your way to a teacher nearby. Best to start with the most popular pages on AYI.info:

The AYI method

News

"Pure for Sure!"

A proverb from Mysore (The city where Ashtanga comes from)

Tradition and Innovation can form a team: We help you gaining always new perspectives on traditional Ashtanga Yoga. Therefore we have been active for you. These articles and online yoga classes are brand new on AYI.info:

Philosophy and Tradition

Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga travels the world

From Jivamukti to Sharon Gannon and David Life, to Brian Kest’s Power Yoga - many modern styles of yoga are children of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga. So you can be anywhere in the world and feel a bit at home...

Philosophy and Tradition

How Ashtanga Yoga found its way to the West

It was just a small photo in one of many yoga books. And yet this picture set a revolution in motion. It brought Europeans and Americans to Pattabhi Jois in India, and Ashtanga Yoga to the West.

Philosophy and Tradition

The roots of the living tradition of Ashtanga Yoga

Looking back at the legendary lineage of the Ashtanga tradition: From Patanjali to Vamana Rhishi, and Krishnamacharya to BNS Iyengar and Pattabhi Jois - an ancient yoga tradition with refreshing vitality in the present.

Philosophy and Tradition

Krishnamacharya – the guiding light of Ashtanga Yoga

Ashtanga yoga, as well as many other types of yoga in the world, would probably be absent without him: Sri Tirumalai Krishnamacharya (1888-1989) saved traditional yoga from oblivion and created the basis for our present-day yoga practices. Just a myth?

Inspiration for your practice

Tristana – The Lotus Blossom of Ashtanga Yoga

When movement and breath fuse together, the energy carries the body seemingly effortlessly and focus moves from the exterior to the interior, we reach Tristana. Or: through vinyasa, bandha and drishti we achieve the spiritual dimension in Ashtanga yoga practice.

Sandhi

Rules on final sounds

The rules on final sounds facilitate the pronunciation of words when they stand alone, before suffixes are added and before further Sandhi rules are applied. According to these rules, words can only finish with a vowel, a Visarga (ḥ) or nine specific consonants (k, ṅ, ñ, ṇ, n, m, ṭ, t, p).

Sandhi

Internal Sandhi

Internal Sandhi describes the phonological change within a word after a grammar ending has been added.

Pronunciation

Fricatives and Aspirates

On the articulation of a fricative, a confined space is created. The air streaming out is swirled and creates a fricative. Compared to semivowels, which also count as approximants, the tongue moves closer to the confined space, though without the contact necessary for a plosive. In Sanskrit, there is a semivowel for four of the five places of articulation (h, ś, ṣ, s).

Transliteration

Roman transliterations with diacritical signs

From 1816 (Franz Bopp) onwards, Western Indologists started to represent the Sanskrit language or, respectively, the Devanagari characters faithful to the correct pronunciation in Roman letters. This formed the basis for the IAST and Kalkata Standard 2001 and finally resulted in today's ISO 15919 norm.

Pronunciation

Palatals

Palatals are produced by a vibration or stricture at the palate. In Sanskrit, there is a palatal for each sound class: vowel (i / ī), plosive (c,ch,j,jh), nasal(ñ), semivowel (y) and fricative (ś).

Transliteration

Technical encoding

With the spread of computers and the Internet in particular, technical encoding systems developed such as ITRANS, Harvard-Kyoto, Velthis and SLP1. With these systems, Sanskrit texts can be spelled in the correct pronunciation on a regular keyboard.

Pronunciation

Retroflexes

The retroflexes characteristic of the Sanskrit language are produced with the tongue rolled back behind the teeth: vowel (r̥, r̥̄), plosive (ṭ,ṭh,ḍ,ḍh), nasal (ṇ), semivowel (r) and fricative (ṣ).

Pronunciation

Gutturals

Gutturals are produced deep down at the back of the oral cavity, at the bridge of the soft palate and the throat. In Sanskrit, there are guttural vowels (a / ā), plosives (k,kh,g,gh), nasals (ṅ) and fricatives (h). There is no guttural semivowel.

Pronunciation

Dentals

In contrast to the corresponding German sounds, the tongue is not positioned at the dental root (alveolar) but almost between the teeth (dental) for: vowels (l̥,l̥̄), plosives (t,th,d,dh), nasals (n), semivowels (l) and fricatives (s).

Pronunciation

Labials

A sound that is produced either at or with the lips is called a labial. In Sanskrit, there are labial vowels (u, ū), plosives (p, ph, b, bh), nasals (m) and semivowels (v). A labial fricative exists only indirectly.

Share
X
Contact Cart
X
Your shopping cart is loading...
Menu