Yoga-Sutra 1 – Samadhi Pada: about enlightenment

The first chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras is about enlightenment - Samadhi Pada.

Yoga-Sutra

Samadhi (समाधि, Samādhi) = Enlightenment
Pada (पाद, Pāda) = ChapterThe first chapter of the Yoga Sutra by Patanjali

Samadhi-Pada

Sentence 24

klesha karma vipaka-ashayaih-aparanrishtah purusha-vishesha ishvarah ||24||

क्लेश कर्म विपाकाअशयैःअपरामृष्टः पुरुषविशेष ईश्वरः ॥२४॥

kleśa karma vipāka-āśayaiḥ-aparāmr̥ṣṭaḥ puruṣa-viśeṣa īśvaraḥ ॥24॥

Ishavara is a special being that is unaffected by the obstacles of the spiritual aspirant (klesha), specific actions and consequences (karma), or recollections or desires. ||24||


kleśa = the spiritual aspirant’s obstacles; suffering; cause of suffering
karma = actions and effects
vipāka = impact of actions; consequences of actions
āśayaiḥ = the residual elements of an action, i.e. recollections, as well as the mainsprings of new desires.
aparāmr̥ṣṭaḥ = unaffected
puruṣa = the immutable self; drashtu; here: the individual
viśeṣa = special; unusual
īśvaraḥ = (nom. īśvara) personal God; concept of an ideal being

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