Yoga-Sutra 1 – Samadhi Pada: about enlightenment

The first chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras is about enlightenment - Samadhi Pada.

Yoga-Sutra

Samadhi (समाधि, Samādhi) = Enlightenment
Pada (पाद, Pāda) = ChapterThe first chapter of the Yoga Sutra by Patanjali

Samadhi-Pada

Sentence 8

viparyayo mithya-jnanam-atadrupa pratishtham ||8||

विपर्ययो मिथ्याज्ञानमतद्रूप प्रतिष्ठम् ॥८॥

viparyayo mithyā-jñānam-atadrūpa pratiṣṭham ॥8॥

Error arises from knowledge that is based on a false mental construct. ||8||


viparyaya = (nom. sg. m.) error; false perception; false knowledge
mithyā = (nom. sg. f.) false; misleading
jñānam = (acc. sg. n./nom. sg. n. from jñāna) knowledge; insight; idea; concept
a = not
tad = that; which; whose
rūpa = form; nature
atadrūpa = (iic.) different form
pratiṣṭham = (acc. sg. m./acc. sg. n./nom. sg. n. from pratiṣṭhā) rooted, calming, compatible

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