In his Yoga-Sūtra, Patañjali describes five ways to achieve supernatural abilities (siddhi). Or could this have been meant figuratively to refer to a shift in perception?

Yoga Sutra 4: On Inner Freedom
janmadvandva-compound
janmansubstantive neuter
birth
janmanword formation
janverbmansuffix
birth, life
janverbwitness, to birth, produce, bring forth
mansuffixKr̥tikr̥t-Suffix: Nomen Abstraktum
oṣadhidvandva-compound
oṣadhisubstantive feminine
healing herb
oṣadhisubstantive femininehealing herb, herb
mantradvandva-compound
mantrasubstantive masculine
divine saying
mantraword formation
manverbtrasuffix
mantra, divine saying
manverbmean, believe, imagine
trasuffixKr̥t- suffix: the means or instrument of an action, also expresses instrumentalization
tapasdvandva-compound
tapassubstantive neuter
and asceticism
tapasword formation
tapverb
asceticism, warmth, heat
tapverbto warm up, heat up or make glow
samādhitatpuruṣa-compound ablative
samādhisubstantive masculine
and from the experience of complete unity
samādhiword formation
samprevixādhisubstantive masculine
composition, connection, experience of unity, state of enlightenment
samprevixtogether, with, totally
ādhiword formation
āprevixdhāverb
location, place, thoughts, worries
āprevixtowards, nearby
dhāverbput, place, lay
jāḥnominative plural
substantive feminine
arise through
janverb
arise from, borne from - at the end of a compound
janverbarise
siddhayaḥnominative plural
siddhisubstantive feminine
supernatural abilities
siddhiword formation
sidhverb
supernatural ability
sidhverbattain, accomplish

Some have altered states starting from birth (janma). For others, this altered perception will arise from the use of mind-altering substances (oṣadhi), the recitation of mantras (mantra) or extreme experiences (tapas). For you as a Yogin, it arises through the experience of complete unity (samādhi).

Dr. Ronald Steiner - modern transfer


Supernatural abilities arise from birth (janma), through medicinal herbs (oṣadhi), through divine sayings (mantra), through asceticism (tapas) and complete unity states (samadhi).

Dr. Ronald Steiner - historic word by word translation


Die übernatürlichen Vollkommenheiten können beruhen auf Angeborensein, Heilkräutern, Zaubersprüchen, Askese und Versenkung. [Das letzte ist der Fall beim Yogin.]

Paul Deussen - 1908


Perfection are produced by birth, herbs (of mysterious virtue) incantations, penances and meditations.

James R. Ballantyne - 1852

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