Finally, the fourth chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is about liberation - Kaivalya Pada.

Yoga-Sutra

Kaivalya-Pada

Sentence 30

tatah klesha-karma-nivrittih ||30||

ततः क्लेशकर्मनिवृत्तिः ॥३०॥

tataḥ kleśa-karma-nivr̥ttiḥ ॥30॥

Then the concept (vritti) of spiritual burden (klesha) and cause and effect (karma) will be completely removed. ||30||


tataḥ = (adv. from tatas) thereafter
kleśa = (iic.) burdens on the spiritual path
karma = (acc. sg. n./nom. sg. n. from karman) actions and their consequences
nivr̥ttiḥ = (nom. sg. f. from nivr̥tti) total cessation of a thought wave; bias; preconception

Patañjali goes on to say that this liberated state of kaivalya also frees us from the burdens (kleśa) on the spiritual path. A lack of insight (avidyā), as well as egotism (asmitā), greed (rāga), revulsion (dveṣa) and anxiety (abhiniveśa) will no longer affect us and govern our actions (karma). A yogi regards our normal state as akin to that of a mouse in a lab experiment cage, where we alternately receive an electric shock or a piece of cheese. Kaivalya is the state where we are let out of this cage.

Once we have are freed from the cage of our habitual experience, we enter a completely new dimension, where everything we have studied and learned up until now is minute compared to the compelling experience of samādhi.

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