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"Ashtanga Yoga is 99% transpiration - and 1% explanation"

Sri K. Pattabhi Jois

All you need for your 99% practice of Ashtanga Yoga - and certainly also the 1% theory: Dive into the details of the traditional series of Asana, as taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. But you will also find forms for a therapeutic approach to them. Join us for online yoga classes, learn about innovative alignment and philosophy. Our yogi finder will help you finding your way to a teacher nearby. Best to start with the most popular pages on AYI.info:

The AYI method

Philosophy
Source texts and Sanskrit Source texts and Sanskrit

Source texts and Saṁskr̥t: Study the ancient sources of Yoga

Gain a direct access to ancient texts of wisdom and mantra. Dive through them deep in yoga tradition. - with some Saṁskr̥t your journey may begin!

Devanagari scripture
Devanagari learning game Devanagari learning game

The Devanagari Game - learn how to read Sanskrit texts in the original version!

Play and learn all Devanagari letters at the same time. In doing so, you will soon be able to read the ancient yoga source texts in their original Sanskrit versions.

Ashtanga Yoga
Traditional Practice Series Traditional Practice Series

Traditional Practice Series: All traditional Ashtanga practice series

Ashtanga Yoga in the tradition of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. The traditional practice series with detailed descriptions of the individual movements including the vinyasa count. Systematic learning steps help you get a deeper understanding of this powerful Ashtanga Yoga in the tradition of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. The traditional practice series with detailed descriptions of the individual movements including the vinyasa count. Systematic learning steps help you get a deeper understanding of this powerful and dynamic yoga practice supported by your breath.

Transliteration of Devanagari
Transliteration Tool Transliteration Tool

Transliteration Tool

This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then enter the generated words or texts in a word processing program of your choice.

News

"Pure for Sure!"

A proverb from Mysore (The city where Ashtanga comes from)

Tradition and Innovation can form a team: We help you gaining always new perspectives on traditional Ashtanga Yoga. Therefore we have been active for you. These articles and online yoga classes are brand new on AYI.info:

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Palatals Palatals

Palatals

Palatals are produced by a vibration or stricture at the palate. In Sanskrit, there is a palatal for each sound class: vowel (i / ī), plosive (c,ch,j,jh), nasal(ñ), semivowel (y) and fricative (ś).

Transliteration of Devanagari
Transliteration Tool Transliteration Tool

Transliteration Tool

This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then enter the generated words or texts in a word processing program of your choice.

Transliteration of Devanagari

Technical encoding

With the spread of computers and the Internet in particular, technical encoding systems developed such as ITRANS, Harvard-Kyoto, Velthis and SLP1. With these systems, Sanskrit texts can be spelled in the correct pronunciation on a regular keyboard.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Retroflexes Retroflexes

Retroflexes

The retroflexes characteristic of the Sanskrit language are produced with the tongue rolled back behind the teeth: vowel (r̥, r̥̄), plosive (ṭ,ṭh,ḍ,ḍh), nasal (ṇ), semivowel (r) and fricative (ṣ).

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Gutturals Gutturals

Gutturals

Gutturals are produced deep down at the back of the oral cavity, at the bridge of the soft palate and the throat. In Sanskrit, there are guttural vowels (a / ā), plosives (k,kh,g,gh), nasals (ṅ) and fricatives (h). There is no guttural semivowel.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Dentals Dentals

Dentals

In contrast to the corresponding German sounds, the tongue is not positioned at the dental root (alveolar) but almost between the teeth (dental) for: vowels (l̥,l̥̄), plosives (t,th,d,dh), nasals (n), semivowels (l) and fricatives (s).

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Labials Labials

Labials

A sound that is produced either at or with the lips is called a labial. In Sanskrit, there are labial vowels (u, ū), plosives (p, ph, b, bh), nasals (m) and semivowels (v). A labial fricative exists only indirectly.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Nasals Nasals

Nasals

On the articulation of nasal sounds, the closure at the place of articulation is not released. Most of the air streams out through the nose. The closed back part of the oral cavity thus becomes a variable resonance chamber for ṅ,ñ,ṇ,n and m.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Vowels as final sounds

According to this external Sandhi rule, vowels as final sounds merge with the next word if it also starts with a vowel. If the word starts with a consonant, there is no merger.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Visarga (ḥ) as a final sound

As a final sound, a Visarga (ḥ) is adapted to the following word as an aspirate or sibilant.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Consonants as final sounds

As final sounds, consonants adapts to the following word according to the external Sandhi rules described here.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Semivowels Semivowels

Semivowels

Phonetically, a semivowel lies between a vowel and a plosive. In contrast to a vowel, a semivowel does not represent a syllable on its own when articulated. Neither is the vocal tract blocked for the pressure characteristic of a plosive. The tongue Phonetically, a semivowel lies between a vowel and a plosive. In contrast to a vowel, a semivowel does not represent a syllable on its own when articulated. Neither is the vocal tract blocked for the pressure characteristic of a plosive. The tongue moves in the direction of the place of articulation to produce an approximant. In contrast to a fricative, though, the approximation does not go so far as to produce the friction necessary for a fricative. In Sanskrit, there are semivowels for four of the five places of articulation (y, r, l, v).

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Visarga (ḥ) Visarga (ḥ)

Visarga (ḥ)

Translated literally, Visarga means "to send out" or "to release". It creates a lingering sound after the vowel. It can be understood as an allophone of r, s or h and is, depending on context and school of pronunciation, pronounced variably between Translated literally, Visarga means "to send out" or "to release". It creates a lingering sound after the vowel. It can be understood as an allophone of r, s or h and is, depending on context and school of pronunciation, pronounced variably between these sounds.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Anusvāra (ṁ) Anusvāra (ṁ)

Anusvāra (ṁ)

Translated literally, Anusvāra means "lingering sound" or "following (anu) the vowel (svāra)". It either indicates that the preceding vowel is pronounced nasally or is pronounced itself as a nasal consonant.

Source texts and Sanskrit
Devanagari scripture Devanagari scripture

Devanāgarī scripture - learn reading and writing

Devanāgarī is sound transformed to letters. It represents the precise pronunciation of Saṁskr̥t. It's writing can become meditation - Devanāgarī is easier than you might think...

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