Not only about Ashtanga Yoga: traditional practice and innovative alignment, vivid philosophy and age-old tradition, word-by-word translations of mantra, Yoga-Sutra and more, Sanskrit pronunciation and writing - THE info page with international teacher directory.

"Ashtanga Yoga is 99% transpiration - and 1% explanation"

Sri K. Pattabhi Jois

All you need for your 99% practice of Ashtanga Yoga - and certainly also the 1% theory: Dive into the details of the traditional series of Asana, as taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. But you will also find forms for a therapeutic approach to them. Join us for online yoga classes, learn about innovative alignment and philosophy. Our yogi finder will help you finding your way to a teacher nearby. Best to start with the most popular pages on AYI.info:

The AYI method

Devanagari scripture
Devanagari learning game Devanagari learning game

The Devanagari Game - learn how to read Sanskrit texts in the original version!

Play and learn all Devanagari letters at the same time. In doing so, you will soon be able to read the ancient yoga source texts in their original Sanskrit versions.

Philosophy
Source texts and Sanskrit Source texts and Sanskrit

Source texts and Saṁskr̥t: Study the ancient sources of Yoga

Gain a direct access to ancient texts of wisdom and mantra. Dive through them deep in yoga tradition. - with some Saṁskr̥t your journey may begin!

Ashtanga Yoga
Traditional Practice Series Traditional Practice Series

Traditional Practice Series: All traditional Ashtanga practice series

Ashtanga Yoga in the tradition of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. The traditional practice series with detailed descriptions of the individual movements including the vinyasa count. Systematic learning steps help you get a deeper understanding of this powerful Ashtanga Yoga in the tradition of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. The traditional practice series with detailed descriptions of the individual movements including the vinyasa count. Systematic learning steps help you get a deeper understanding of this powerful and dynamic yoga practice supported by your breath.

Transliteration of Devanagari
Transliteration Tool Transliteration Tool

Transliteration Tool

This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then enter the generated words or texts in a word processing program of your choice.

News

"Pure for Sure!"

A proverb from Mysore (The city where Ashtanga comes from)

Tradition and Innovation can form a team: We help you gaining always new perspectives on traditional Ashtanga Yoga. Therefore we have been active for you. These articles and online yoga classes are brand new on AYI.info:

Inspiration for your practice

Tristana – The Lotus Blossom of Ashtanga Yoga

When movement and breath fuse together, the energy carries the body seemingly effortlessly and focus moves from the exterior to the interior, we reach Tristana. Or: through vinyasa, bandha and drishti we achieve the spiritual dimension in Ashtanga When movement and breath fuse together, the energy carries the body seemingly effortlessly and focus moves from the exterior to the interior, we reach Tristana. Or: through vinyasa, bandha and drishti we achieve the spiritual dimension in Ashtanga yoga practice.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Rules on final sounds

The rules on final sounds facilitate the pronunciation of words when they stand alone, before suffixes are added and before further Sandhi rules are applied. According to these rules, words can only finish with a vowel, a Visarga (ḥ) or nine specific The rules on final sounds facilitate the pronunciation of words when they stand alone, before suffixes are added and before further Sandhi rules are applied. According to these rules, words can only finish with a vowel, a Visarga (ḥ) or nine specific consonants (k, ṅ, ñ, ṇ, n, m, ṭ, t, p).

Sanskrit Sandhi

Internal Sandhi

Internal Sandhi describes the phonological change within a word after a grammar ending has been added.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Fricatives and Aspirates Fricatives and Aspirates

Fricatives and Aspirates

On the articulation of a fricative, a confined space is created. The air streaming out is swirled and creates a fricative. Compared to semivowels, which also count as approximants, the tongue moves closer to the confined space, though without the On the articulation of a fricative, a confined space is created. The air streaming out is swirled and creates a fricative. Compared to semivowels, which also count as approximants, the tongue moves closer to the confined space, though without the contact necessary for a plosive. In Sanskrit, there is a semivowel for four of the five places of articulation (h, ś, ṣ, s).

Transliteration of Devanagari

Roman transliterations with diacritical signs

From 1816 (Franz Bopp) onwards, Western Indologists started to represent the Sanskrit language or, respectively, the Devanagari characters faithful to the correct pronunciation in Roman letters. This formed the basis for the IAST and Kalkata From 1816 (Franz Bopp) onwards, Western Indologists started to represent the Sanskrit language or, respectively, the Devanagari characters faithful to the correct pronunciation in Roman letters. This formed the basis for the IAST and Kalkata Standard 2001 and finally resulted in today's ISO 15919 norm.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Palatals Palatals

Palatals

Palatals are produced by a vibration or stricture at the palate. In Sanskrit, there is a palatal for each sound class: vowel (i / ī), plosive (c,ch,j,jh), nasal(ñ), semivowel (y) and fricative (ś).

Transliteration of Devanagari
Transliteration Tool Transliteration Tool

Transliteration Tool

This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then This tool allows you to easily change the transliteration of single words or even entire texts. This is particularly helpful when you want to produce Devanagari script or Roman script with diacritical marks. With the copy&paste function, you can then enter the generated words or texts in a word processing program of your choice.

Transliteration of Devanagari

Technical encoding

With the spread of computers and the Internet in particular, technical encoding systems developed such as ITRANS, Harvard-Kyoto, Velthis and SLP1. With these systems, Sanskrit texts can be spelled in the correct pronunciation on a regular keyboard.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Retroflexes Retroflexes

Retroflexes

The retroflexes characteristic of the Sanskrit language are produced with the tongue rolled back behind the teeth: vowel (r̥, r̥̄), plosive (ṭ,ṭh,ḍ,ḍh), nasal (ṇ), semivowel (r) and fricative (ṣ).

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Gutturals Gutturals

Gutturals

Gutturals are produced deep down at the back of the oral cavity, at the bridge of the soft palate and the throat. In Sanskrit, there are guttural vowels (a / ā), plosives (k,kh,g,gh), nasals (ṅ) and fricatives (h). There is no guttural semivowel.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Dentals Dentals

Dentals

In contrast to the corresponding German sounds, the tongue is not positioned at the dental root (alveolar) but almost between the teeth (dental) for: vowels (l̥,l̥̄), plosives (t,th,d,dh), nasals (n), semivowels (l) and fricatives (s).

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Labials Labials

Labials

A sound that is produced either at or with the lips is called a labial. In Sanskrit, there are labial vowels (u, ū), plosives (p, ph, b, bh), nasals (m) and semivowels (v). A labial fricative exists only indirectly.

Sanskrit Pronunciation
Nasals Nasals

Nasals

On the articulation of nasal sounds, the closure at the place of articulation is not released. Most of the air streams out through the nose. The closed back part of the oral cavity thus becomes a variable resonance chamber for ṅ,ñ,ṇ,n and m.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Vowels as final sounds

According to this external Sandhi rule, vowels as final sounds merge with the next word if it also starts with a vowel. If the word starts with a consonant, there is no merger.

Sanskrit Sandhi

Visarga (ḥ) as a final sound

As a final sound, a Visarga (ḥ) is adapted to the following word as an aspirate or sibilant.

Share
X
Contact Cart
X
Your shopping cart is loading...
Menu