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Devanagari

These are plosive consonants, which are formed gutturally (i.e. in the throat).

क / ka

ka
ka

Spelling

  1. Draw the following lines without stopping in between: a circular line to the centre at the top, a vertical line down and a bow to the bottom right.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • an unvoiced ka as in Skat, Muskat
  • guttural place of articulation

ख / kha

kha
kha

Spelling

  1. Draw a doubly curved line from the centre top down to the bottom.
  2. Draw a circular upward line and a vertical line down without stopping.
  3. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • an unvoiced, aspirated kha as in Kaffee, Kanu
  • guttural place of articulation

ग / ga

ga
ga

Spelling

  1. Draw a short line with a circle clockwise from the top down to the centre.
  2. Now draw a vertical line from top to bottom next to it on the right.
  3. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • a voiced ga as in Gabel, Galopp
  • guttural place of articulation

घ / gha

gha
gha

Spelling

  1. Start on the top left and, without stopping, draw a line with two right bows to the top right and then vertically down.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • a voiced, aspirated gha as in Flughafen, taghell
  • guttural place of articulation

ङ / ṅa

ṅa
ṅa

Spelling

  1. Start at the top with a short vertical line and continue it in an s-shape.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter..
  3. Place a dot to the right of the upper bow of the "s".

Pronuncation

  • a nasale n preceding other guttural sounds as, for instance, in Gesang, lang
  • guttural place of articulation