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International Infopage for Ashtanga Yoga

Sadhana Pada

Sentence 34

vitarka hinsadayah krita karita anumodita lobha krodha moha apurvaka mridu madhya adhimatra duhkha ajnana ananta phala iti pratipraksha bhavanam ||34||

वितर्का हिंसादयः कृतकारितानुमोदिता लोभक्रोधमोहापूर्वका मृदुमध्य अधिमात्रा दुःखाज्ञानानन्तफला इति प्रतिप्रक्षभावनम् ॥३४॥

vitarkā hiṁsādayaḥ kṛta-kārita-anumoditā lobha-krodha-moha-āpūrvakā mṛdu-madhya adhimātrā duḥkha-ajñāna-ananta-phalā iti pratiprakṣa-bhāvanam ||34||

Violent thoughts (himsa) induce unending suffering and ignorance. In such cases, it makes no difference whether you’re the perpetrator, the person who gives the orders, or the instigator; or whether the thoughts are provoked by greed, anger, or delusion; or whether small, medium or large scale action is involved. This is why orienting yourself toward the reverse is helpful. ||34||


vitarkas = (from vitarka) doubt; uncertainty; question; emotion; thought
hiṁsādayaḥ = (from hiṁsādaya) injure; mindless violence
kṛta = perpetrator
kārita = to instruct or authorize others to take action
anumoditāḥ = (nom. from anumodita) instigator
lobha = greed
krodha = anger; rage
moha = delusion
pūrvaka = preceded; allowed; authorized; abetted
mṛdu = gentle; mild
madhya = moderate
adhimātrāḥ = (from adhimātra) intensive
duḥkha = pain; suffering
ajñāna = ignorance
ananta = limitless
phalāḥ = (nom. phala) outcome; result
iti = hence; therefore
pratipakṣa = opposite; reverse; the other side of the coin
bhāvanam = (acc. from bhāvana) goal; orientation

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