Rules on finals sounds
In order to prevent words from ending on other sounds, this rule is applied before any other Sandhi rules (external and internal Sandhi) to:
- words at the end of a sentence
- words (without compound words)
- root words in nominative before case endings starting with a consonant are added
Sep by Step
First, consonant clusters are reduced to the first consonant; for instance, "nt" becomes "t".
As a next step, we encounter the following changes:
- plosive sounds, fricatives (except "s") and the aspirate ("h") become unvoiced, non-aspirated sounds at the same place of articulation, i.e.:
- guttural place of articulation: k, kh, g, gh, h becomes k
- palatal place of articulation: c, ch, j, jh, ś becomes k (or ṭ)
Exception: Change not to the palatal but to the gutural/retroflex, unvoiced, non-aspirated plosive.
- retroflex place of articulation: ṭ, ṭh, ḍ, ḍ, ṣ becomes ṭ
- dental place of articulation: t, th, d, dh becomes t
- labial place of articulation: p, ph, b, bh becomes p
- "s" and "r" turn into the Visarga ("ḥ").
- nasals and semivowels (except "r") remain unchanged.
Für alle denen eine Tabelle lieber ist, findet sich hier die Auslautregel in Tabellenform zusammengefasst.
|Ursprünglicher Auslaut||Konsonanten Kluster||c/ch||j/jh||g/gh||ḍ/ḍh||d/dh||b/bh||ś/ṣ/h||s/r|
|Wandlung in neuen Auslaut||wird auf ersten Konsonant reduziert(1)||k||k(2)||k||ṭ||t||p||t(3)||ḥ|
(1) afterwards: application of the other rules on final sounds
(2) or ṭ
(3) or k