Half vowel, half consonant. Although semivowels are not produced with pressure of plosive sounds, they also do not form independent syllables in the way vowels do.

Devanagari

य / ya

Spelling

  1. Draw a left bow from the top left to the left centre, followed by another bow to the top right and a vertical line down.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • ya as in Jakob or the Sanskrit Yoga
  • palatal place of articulation

र / ra

Spelling

  1. Draw a doubly curved line from the top to the bottom centre.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • ra as in Rollen, rot
  • retroflex (behind the front teeth) place of articulation

ल / la

Pronunciation

  1. Start at the bottom and clockwise draw a heart-shaped line, which remains open at the bottom.
  2. Place a short vertical line on top of the right bow.
  3. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • la as in Land
  • dental (between the teeth) place of articulation

व / va

Spelling

  1. Draw the following lines without stopping: start at the centre and draw an anticlockwise circle followed by a vertical upward line and a vertical line down.
  2. Draw the horizontal line from left to right over the letter.

Pronunciation

  • va as in wann, Wasser
  • labial (at the lips) place of articulation
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