Finally, the fourth chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is about liberation - Kaivalya Pada.



Sentence 3

nimittam-aprayojakam prakritinam-varana-bhedastu tatah ksetrikavat ||3||

निमित्तमप्रयोजकं प्रकृतीनांवरणभेदस्तु ततः क्षेत्रिकवत् ॥३॥

nimittam-aprayojakaṁ prakr̥tīnāṁ-varaṇa-bhedastu tataḥ kṣetrikavat ॥3॥

However, outer causes are not sufficient to bring about inner change, which can be likened to a farmer removing a sluice gate so as to allow water to irrigate his rice field so that rice can grow there. ||3||

nimitta = visible cause
aprayojakaṁ = non-causal; not relevant
prakr̥ti = nature; matter; creation; physical
varaṇa = a wall around a rice field, which is cleft when the field is irrigated, thus allowing water to flow onto the field.
bheda = removal; splitting
tu = but
tataḥ = thence
kṣetrikavat = like a farmer

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