Finally, the fourth chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is about liberation - Kaivalya Pada.

Yoga-Sutra

Kaivalya-Pada

Sentence 23

drashtri-drishy-opa-raktam chittam sarva-artham ||23||

द्रष्टृदृश्योपरक्तं चित्तं सर्वार्थम् ॥२३॥

draṣṭr̥-dr̥śy-opa-raktaṁ cittaṁ sarva-artham ॥23॥

The actual purpose of that which is mutable in human beings (chitta) is to see close up both the observer (drashtu) and the observed object. ||23||


draṣṭr̥ = (iic.) drastu; the true self; the seer
dr̥śya = (nom. sg. f. from dr̥śya; i. sg. f. from dr̥śa) that which is seen or perceived
ūpa = (pft. ac. pl. from vap) from close up
raktam = (acc. sg. m./acc. sg. n./nom. sg. n. from rakta) to color; to adjust
cittam = (acc. sg. m./acc. sg. n./nom. sg. n. from citta) chitta, i.e. that which is mutable in human beings; mind
sarva = (iic.) all
artham = (acc. sg. m. from artha) purpose

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