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The second Chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras - contains instructions for our Practice - Sadhana Pada.


Sentence 3

avidya-asmita-raga-dvesha-abhiniveshah kleshah ||3||

अविद्याअस्मितारागद्वेषाभिनिवेशः क्लेशाः ॥३॥

avidyā-asmitā-rāga-dveṣa-abhiniveśaḥ kleśāḥ ॥3॥

The obstacles along the spiritual path (klesha) are as follows: a lack of insight (avidya); identification with the mutable (asmita); the belief that happiness (raga) or unhappiness (dvesha) result from outer circumstances; deep seated anxiety (abinivesha). ||3||

avidyā = (nom. sg. f.) ignorance; confusion; lack of insight
asmitā = (nom. pl. f./acc. pl. f.) self centeredness; identification with the human body and that which is mutable in human beings
rāga = (iic.) desire; attraction; wish; belief that outer circumstances are responsible for good luck
dveṣa = (iic.) revulsion; aversion; belief that outer circumstances are responsible for unhappiness
abhiniveśaḥ = (nom. sg. m. from abhiniveśa) deep seated anxiety; fear of death; will to live
kleśaḥ = (nom. pl. m from kleśa) the burdens on the spiritual path