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Yoga-Sutra

The second Chapter of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras - contains instructions for our Practice - Sadhana Pada.

Sadhana-Pada

Sentence 34

vitarka hinsadayah krita-karita-anumodita lobha-krodha-moha-apurvaka nridu-madhya adhimatra duhkha-ajnana-ananta-phala iti pratipraksa-bhavanam ||34||

वितर्का हिंसादयः कृतकारितानुमोदिता लोभक्रोधमोहाअपूर्वका मृदुमध्य अधिमात्रा दुःखाज्ञानानन्तफला इति प्रतिप्रक्षभावनम् ॥३४॥

vitarkā hiṁsādayaḥ kr̥ta-kārita-anumoditā lobha-krodha-moha-āpūrvakā mr̥du-madhya adhimātrā duḥkha-ajñāna-ananta-phalā iti pratiprakṣa-bhāvanam ॥34॥

Violent thoughts (himsa) induce unending suffering and ignorance. In such cases, it makes no difference whether you’re the perpetrator, the person who gives the orders, or the instigator; or whether the thoughts are provoked by greed, anger, or delusion; or whether small, medium or large scale action is involved. This is why orienting yourself toward the reverse is helpful. ||34||


vitarkas = (from vitarka) doubt; uncertainty; question; emotion; thought
hiṁsādayaḥ = (from hiṁsādaya) injure; mindless violence
kr̥ta = perpetrator
kārita = to instruct or authorize others to take action
anumoditāḥ = (nom. from anumodita) instigator
lobha = greed
krodha = anger; rage
moha = delusion
pūrvaka = preceded; allowed; authorized; abetted
mr̥du = gentle; mild
madhya = moderate
adhimātrāḥ = (from adhimātra) intensive
duḥkha = pain; suffering
ajñāna = ignorance
ananta = limitless
phalāḥ = (nom. phala) outcome; result
iti = hence; therefore
pratipakṣa = opposite; reverse; the other side of the coin
bhāvanam = (acc. from bhāvana) goal; orientation