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Traditional Practice Series

Learned the basics? Now add primary series, Yoga Chikitsa (Cikitsa), in the middle of your Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga practice - one by one you will learn 41 asanas.

Yoga Chikitsa (योग चिकित्सा, Yoga Cikitsā) is the Sanksrit (संक्सृत्, Saṁksr̥t) name for the primary series and it can be translated as Yoga Therapy. Therefore this series purifies and heals the body.
The first or primary series forms the basis for all subsequent series. Superficially seen it may seem the easiest of all six Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga series. It is however the most difficult one; it is the series first learned by every Ashtanga-Yogi; this is where one becomes familiar with the Vinyasa System and gets used to everyday Yoga practice. The following series do not bring anything that is relatively new. Only a couple of new postures integrate into the system one is already familiar with.

Ardha Baddha Padma Paschimottanasana

अर्ध बद्ध पद्म पश्चिमोत्तानासन

Ardha Baddha Padma Paścimottānāsana

Paschimottanasana [B] [thumb mini] Paschimottanasana ["] [thumb mini] Paschimottanasana [D] [thumb mini] Purvottanasana [thumb mini] Ardha  Baddha  Padma  Paschimottanasana [thumb mini solar] Tiryam-Mukha Eka-Pada Paschimottanasana [thumb mini] Janu  Shirshasana  [A] [thumb mini] Janu  Shirshasana  [B] [thumb mini] Janu  Shirshasana  ["] [thumb mini] Marichyasana  [A] [thumb mini]
Ardha  Baddha  Padma  Paschimottanasana

Ardha (अर्ध, Ardha) = halb
Baddha (बद्ध, Baddha) = gebunden
Padma (पद्म, Padma) = Lotus
Paschima (पश्चिम, Paścima) = Back, West, Back of Body
ud (उद्, ud) =Prefix for Verbs or Nouns which indicates superiority in Location, Rank, Power, Intensity.
tana (तान, tāna) = stretched
uttana (उत्तान, uttāna) = intense stretch, straight, straightened
asana (आसन, āsana) = Posture
Ardha Baddha Padma Paschimottanasana (अर्ध बद्ध पद्म पश्चिमोत्तानासन, Ardha Baddha Padma Paścimottānāsana) = Half-bound-Lotus-with-intense-stretch-of-back-of-body

Vinyāsa breath Dr̥ṣṭi explanation of movement
1 IN añguṣṭhamadhye raise arms overhead
2 EX nāsāgre spread fingers, hinging at the hip fold forward, hands to ground Uttanasana (उत्तानासन, Uttānāsana)
3 IN bhrūmadhye come half-way up with straight spine, lift head
4 EX nāsāgre hands down, float back, ellbows close to chest Chaturanga Dandasana (चतुराङ्ग दण्डासन, Caturāṅga Daṇḍāsana)
5 IN bhrūmadhye roll on tops of feet, open the chest, straighten arms, Urdhva Mukha Shvanasana (ऊर्ध्व मुख श्वानासन, Ūrdhva Mukha Śvānāsana)
6 EX nābicakre tuck toes, push back, lift hips, straight arms Adho Mukha Shvanasana (अधो मुख श्वानासन, Adho Mukha Śvānāsana)
7 IN nāsāgre jump forward balancing on straight arms, bend legs in the air
(EX) jump through, get slowly down, right leg in half Lotus
(IN) bhrūmadhye right hand behind back, grab right foot, left hand to the front, grab left foot, straight back
8 EX bend left elbow to the side, chin towards shinbone, top of skull towards back of foot
5BR pādayoragre Ardha Baddha Padma Paschimottanasana (अर्ध बद्ध पद्म पश्चिमोत्तानासन, Ardha Baddha Padma Paścimottānāsana) (right side)
9 IN bhrūmadhye stretch left arm, lift head, straight back
EX lower down, hands onto the floor
10 IN nāsāgre lift up balancing on straight arms, bend legs in the air
11 EX nāsāgre lower down slowly, elbows close to the body, Chaturanga Dandasana (चतुराङ्ग दण्डासन, Caturāṅga Daṇḍāsana)
12 IN bhrūmadhye roll on tops of feet, open the chest, straighten arms, Urdhva Mukha Shvanasana (ऊर्ध्व मुख श्वानासन, Ūrdhva Mukha Śvānāsana)
13 EX nābicakre tuck toes, push back, lift hips, straight arms, Adho Mukha Shvanasana (अधो मुख श्वानासन, Adho Mukha Śvānāsana)
14 IN nāsāgre jump forward balancing on straight arms, bend legs in the air
(EX) jump through, get slowly down, left leg in half Lotus
(IN) bhrūmadhye left hand behind back, grab left foot, right hand to the front, grab right foot, straight back
15 EX bend right elbow to the side, chin towards shinbone, top of skull towards back of foot
5BR pādayoragre Ardha Baddha Padma Paschimottanasana (अर्ध बद्ध पद्म पश्चिमोत्तानासन, Ardha Baddha Padma Paścimottānāsana) (left side)
16 IN bhrūmadhye stretch right arm, lift head, straight back
EX contract, hands onto the floor
17 IN nāsāgre lift up balancing on straight arms, bend legs in the air
18 EX nāsāgre lower down slowly, elbows close to the body, Chaturanga Dandasana (चतुराङ्ग दण्डासन, Caturāṅga Daṇḍāsana)
19 IN bhrūmadhye roll on tops of feet, open the chest, straighten arms, Urdhva Mukha Shvanasana (ऊर्ध्व मुख श्वानासन, Ūrdhva Mukha Śvānāsana)
20 EX nābicakre tuck toes, push back, lift hips, straight arms, Adho Mukha Shvanasana (अधो मुख श्वानासन, Adho Mukha Śvānāsana)
21 IN bhrūmadhye jump feet between hands, straighten the spine half way up, lift your head,
22 EX nāsāgre bring chest all the way in, Uttanasana (उत्तानासन, Uttānāsana)
- IN bhrūmadhye lift the head again, straighten spine, palms or finger tips remain on the ground
EX nāsāgre stand all the way up, arms on sides, Samasthitih (समस्थितिः, Samasthitiḥ)

legend for the Vinyāsa table:

  • The grey part of the table is performed in Aṣṭāṅga-Yoga practice.
  • Yellow marked is the position depicted on the photo.
  • Vinyāsa:1 = ekam; 2 = dve; 3 = trīṇi; 4 = catvāri; 5 = pañca; 6 = ṣaṭ; 7 = sapta; 8 = aṣṭau; 9 = nava; 10 = daśa; 11 = ekādaśa; 12 = dvādaśa; 13 = trayodaśa; 14 = caturdaśa; 15 = pañcadaśa; 16 = ṣoḍaśa; 17 = saptadaśa; 18 = aṣṭadaśa; 19 = ekonavimśatiḥ; 20 = vimśatiḥ; 21 = ekāvimśatiḥ; 22 = dvāvimśatiḥ; 23 = trayovimśatiḥ; 24 = caturvimśatiḥ; 25 = pañcavimśatiḥ; 26 = ṣoḍavimśatiḥ; 27 = saptavimśatiḥ; 28 = aṣṭovimśatiḥ
  • breath: IN = Inhalation; EX = exhalation; 5BR = five breaths
  • Dr̥ṣṭi: nāsāgre = to the nose; añguṣṭhamadhye = to the middle of the thumb; bhrūmadhye = in the middle of the eye brows; nābicakre = to the navel; ūrdhvadr̥ṣṭi = upwards; hastāgre = to the tip of the hand; pādayoragre = to the tip of the foot; pārśvadr̥ṣṭi = sidewards